Having a stroke is one of the scariest experiences that one will have in his lifetime. Stroke is sort of a thief that no one expects. You have to be aware of what your body is going through to determine if you will be having a stroke or not. Most, if not all of us, have a relative that has undergone a mild or major stroke. Some of you may even be on a dinner cruise in Amsterdam or an Amsterdam canal tour when it happened. Thanks to modern science, there is available first aid and treatment for those who are having a stroke.
Before the treatment for a stroke is presented, you must first understand what a stroke is and why it occurs in your body. A stroke occurs when there is poor circulation of the blood around the body especially the blood that is going to your brain. This poor circulation eventually causes cell death in your brain which can be the start of a stroke. The two types of stroke are ischemic and hemorrhagic. Ischemic occurs when there is a lack of blood flow. The hemorrhagic stroke happens when a vein ruptures and there is bleeding inside the body.
How to Treat a Stroke Patient
First, the medical practitioner has to identify which type of stroke is occurring. To treat an ischemic stroke, the doctor focuses on the recirculation of the blood to the brain. He may opt to use a clot-dissolving medicine called a tissue plasminogen activator. Antiplatelet medicine can also be used. Aspirin is a common medicine that is also used.
For hemorrhagic stroke, the doctor focuses on controlling the bleeding. Transfusion of blood is necessary. The plasma, which is a requirement in the body, is transferred through an IV. The patient is also observed to know if there is an increase in blood pressure in the brain. The tell-tale signs of increased blood pressure are restlessness, headache, coughing or vomiting.
If an aneurysm occurs, surgery is needed to repair the effect that it may have caused in the body. If there is a large amount of blood loss, the patient may also need surgery.